Photo from open sources
Towering in a southwest part of mountain System Samanala, the soaring top of peak of Adam is at the same time one of the brightest natural sights of Sri Lanka and one of the best-known places of a pilgrimage. The mountain towers on 2243 meters and is a heel on height the mountain in Sri Lanka.
The mountain has collected the mass of the legends concentrated around a curious print on her top, Sri Pade or the Sacred trace. In original Buddhist history it is claimed that it is the Buddha's trace made at the request of local god Samana. Various religions have changed it according to their own opposed teologiya subsequently.
Approximately in the 8th century Muslims have begun to claim that the mark was left by Adam who as speak, in this place the first has set foot on land after he was expelled from heaven. He stood on mountain top on one leg in repentance while his sins haven't been forgiven. The ndu tradition, meanwhile, claimed that the trace has been created by Shiva.
Many centuries later colonial Portuguese have tried to refer a trace to Christian belief, claiming that it belonged to Saint Thomas, the founder of Christianity in India though nobody ever treated this casual statement very seriously.
Despite all these competing statements, Adam's peak remains in essence the Buddhist place of worship (in difference, say, from really mnogoverenny pilgrim city of Kataragama). The mountain was a pilgrimage object more than one thousand years, at least since the period Polonnaruwa when to Parakramabakh and Vidzhayabakh have constructed shelters for visit of pilgrims here.
In the twelfth century of Nissank Mall became the first king who has risen by the mountain, and later foreign travelers, including Fa-Xian, Ibn Battuta, Marco Polo and Robert Knox, have described peak and the related traditions with different degree of fancy inaccuracy.
Ascension on Adam's peak is traditionally made at night, allowing you to reach top till the dawn that gives the best chances to see unusual types, free from clouds and also chance to see a mysterious shadow of peak.
Most of visitors rise by the mountain during a pilgrimage season which begins in day of Duruthu poya in December or January and proceeds to Vesak poya in May. During the season weather on the mountain in the best manifestations, and chances of clear dawn are very high. The slope of the mountain is lit, and small booths and cafe open during the night to serve crowds of the tired pilgrims clambering up.
Quite perhaps, but it isn't so interesting, to rise by the mountain out of a season though all cafes will be closed, and fires are switched off. Though most of people rise at night, you can also rise by the mountain in the afternoon, but the top often disappears under a cloud, even despite a clear weather.
At last, don't despair if you arrive to Dalkhauzi, and the rain flows there. Daily heavy rain which usually falls upon the village out of a season often comes to an end about midnight that allows you to climb up top at night though the way will be damp.
The easiest ascension described below is Dalkhauzi. Alternative, much longer route (15 km, about 7 hours), rises from the mountain of Ratnapura through Palabaddeyl. Interesting by walk will be to rise from Dalkhauzi, and then to go down to Palabaddeyl. One more opportunity - to make an excursion from Nuvara-Elia, having risen by peak from Dalkhauzi though it lasts long night.
Guides offer the services in all distant Dalkhauzi (Rs.1500-2000) though he will only be really necessary to you if you the lonely woman or try to rise out of a season at night when the mountain can be very cold and lonely place.
Kind of you didn't want, it should be taken into account that ascension on Adam's peak very tedious task is a 7-kilometer rise generally on a step walking path (about 5500 steps) that is hard even for the most tempered walkers. Leave about four hours for climbing the mountain, including time for stops (though in peak of a season, crowds of people can slow down your rise). At top it can be cold: take warm clothes.
The top is covered with a congestion of buildings. The trace surprisingly doesn't impress: the small, irregular hollow covered under the tiny pavilion and painted by gold though the tradition claims that it actually only an impression of the true trace lying underground.
On reaching top pilgrims ring one of two bells (the tradition provides that pilgrims ring a bell once for each successful climbing the mountain which they have made). Types are so impressive, as one would expect, while at dawn you can see a mysterious shadow of peak - terrible, almost supernatural vision which, apparently, is groundless in a magic way before the mountain about twenty minutes, taking into account clear sunrise.
One of the mysteries of Peak of Adam is absolutely triangular scheme of a shadow which doesn't correspond real and much more irregular shape of the top. The Buddhist explanation consists that actually it is not a shadow of peak, and wonderful physical representation of "A threefold jewelry" (some kind of Buddhist equivalent of the Holy Trinity including Buddha, his doctrines and community of Buddhist monks). Locals consider that you have a chance in 80% to see a shadow during a season of a pilgrimage and about 40% (or less) in other season.
Descent takes place much quicker (about 2,5 hours) though leaves not less painful as now your legs will be similar to jelly.