Since fifteenth century across the whole Europe fires of sacred inquisition, and in them all those who were accused of sorcery flared. So-called witch-hunt has been officially allowed by church, and therefore was considered as business quite good. And, of course, most of all in the Middle Ages women suffered — often accused them of secret conspiracy with the Satan.
But how inquisitors found these witches? In those days the authorities trusted any denunciation from outside, and people riveted them on all who for one reason or another weren't pleasant to them. Accused the family, friends, colleagues of sorcery, without suffering conscientious torments. As a result consider three centuries more than 50 000 women and men have been cruelly executed as witches and sorcerers.
However nothing is eternal, and by the 18th century witch-hunt has been recognized as immoral act. However, in historical archives data on the last case in the European practice when the woman was executed for sorcery have remained. Called unfortunate Anna Gyoldi. She was born in Switzerland, and today even the whole museum exhibition in the hometown of Zennvalde is devoted to her.
The ordinary peasant Anna in 1734 was born. Because of a distress of the family she has been forced early to begin to work. The girl washed the floors and served at local rich men, scaring up kopek on food. Since early years Anna has held up herself to shame, having given birth to the child out of marriage from the soldier who journey was in their town. Days later after the birth the kid has died that in the 18th century was business quite usual.
Later in court Anna will be accused that she has ruined the baby, and, naturally, the girl won't be able to prove the return. As a result of her have sentenced to cruel punishment: to sit at a pillory, and then to be locked at home within six years. And it meant only one — to die of hunger. The girl understood it, and therefore has run away to other city.
There she has begun to work as the servant in the house of aristocrats. And all nothing, but Anna has repeated an error of youth and has given birth to the illegitimate son from the head of rich family. After that neither about the child, nor nothing was heard about his mother, up to that moment when she was 46 years old. Then the woman has got a job to the doctor who is very respected in the city, Jacob Tschudi.
Certificates on Jacob and Anna's sexual relations have in the history remained, but their relations obviously not on a positive as this doctor has written a denunciation of Anna soon have ended, having accused her of sorcery. According to him, the servant stuck in products of a needle and whispered plots, and then felt sick its daughter steel objects. Certainly, the person respected in the city was believed willingly, and on Anna hunting has begun. As for her the gratuity has been announced, hunters have shown keen interest and have very quickly brought Anna to local office of Inquisition.
To beat out from the woman recognition in sorcery of tortures inquisitors weren't sorry: the woman was suspended headfirst for fingers, beaten with stones, poured ice water and many other things. No wonder that after that she admitted that her allegedly was the Satan and has forced to serve her, having given a lime task with light family Freak out. The authorities such treatment has quite satisfied, and in 1782 Anna was beheaded, and her body was burned.
As business happened in the 18th century, and by this time Europe became rather educated place, trial over Gyoldi has aroused the most rough indignation of the public. However there was already late something to change: Anna has been executed by a court decision.
In 2008, nearly 230 years later, the Swiss parliament has reconsidered Anna Gyoldi's case. The authorities officially recognized the judgment as a blunder, and have decided to apologize with all honors to Gyoldi's relatives. However to find any even if distant, family representatives didn't work well. Then in memory of the last witch of Europe the museum called in honor of Anna has been open.