The hypertension is considered one of the most widespread and artful cardiovascular diseases. In most cases people with high blood pressure don't test any symptoms, even when their indications of arterial blood pressure reach excessively high levels.
Is the cause of elevated pressure violations of a tone of vessels. Similar changes in vessels begin to develop with age. Therefore it is so important to know more about symptoms of a hypertension and its treatment.
What is a hypertension
Hypertension (other names: the arterial hypertension, arterial hypertension) is the increased arterial blood pressure. According to all available data from WHO – World Health Organization, at more than 50% of female population and 30% men's, after 60 years rise in level of arterial blood pressure is noted. Normal pressure can raise or go down during the day and in various situations (during sports activities it is higher, during sleep — below). But it has to come back to normal indicators — from 100 on 60 to 140 on 90. If pressure is constant 140 on 90 or is stable above, then speak about existence of a hypertension. The hypertension can lead to numerous other serious diseases, such as heart attacks, stroke, diseases of kidneys and chronic heart failure also.
Reasons of high pressure
The size of arterial blood pressure depends on a number of factors. Among them there is an age of the patient, a tone and elasticity of walls of vessels, a psychoemotional state. Regular stresses, experiences, a sleep debt, a problem — all this can lead to increase in pressure. The reasons of high pressure at women, besides classical, – hormonal changes and a climax. Pressure increases for two reasons – or it is the strengthened work of a cardiac muscle, or violation of a tone of vessels. Doctors call also other reasons of a hypertension: heredity, excess weight, violations in work of a thyroid gland, kidneys, deficiency of magnesium in an organism, intake of some drugs.
Symptoms of a hypertension
Headache – the main symptom of a hypertension. The most characteristic sign for a hypertension the headache in a nape and also in temples with feeling of beating in them is considered. At the same time they can carry either the aching, or surrounding character. If headaches accompany you every day, it is arterial hypertension. A pain source in this case – the narrowed brain vessels. The pain attack usually or begins at night in the morning. Pain in an occipital part of the head not always points to a hypertension. This symptom can be sign of various neurologic frustration and diseases of a backbone. Precisely only the neurologist can establish the headache reason. Don't postpone a visit to the doctor.
Signs of high pressure are numerous also one of them – thorax pain. The danger is based on a location in a breast of vitals. It is important to distinguish early stages of heart attack and to receive immediate medical care. Pain can sometimes give to a hand. Also there is a violation of a warm rhythm. There can be a weakness which is followed by nausea with vomiting, the feeling of alarm is replaced by the panic attacks. Similar signs demonstrate serious changes in the coronary vessels and a cardiac muscle caused by high pressure.
The increased arterial blood pressure
3. Hypertensive edematous crisis
Hypertensive crisis – a syndrome at which substantial increase HELL is observed. At the same time the symptomatology of defeat of the main bodies – hearts, lungs, a brain and other develops. At a similar state the severe face edemas and extremities caused by a liquid delay in an organism because of high pressure begin.
4. Neurovegetative hypertensive crisis
Symptoms of neurovegetative hypertensive crisis are connected with influence of big emission in adrenaline blood. At crisis of this kind the patient is strongly excited, uneasy, has sensation of fear. Low temperature can rise, the skin is moisturized, hands shiver. Increase in pressure happens generally due to increase in systolic (top) pressure.
5. Risk factors of a hypertension
High blood pressure can be result of numerous risk factors, but, fortunately, most of them can be controlled. Carry a hereditary or age factor to the most important factors because of which elevated pressure can develop, obesity, smoking, alcoholism, diabetes, an inactive way of life, approaches of a climax, abuse I will merge also irrational food in general, diseases of kidneys, a hypothalamus, nervous or endocrine systems, mental injuries and a stress, chronic fatigue, reception of oral contraceptives, anti-inflammatory medicines, the means lowering appetite and some other medicines. Before beginning to treat a problem, it is necessary to find out why it has appeared.