"Ah, it isn't difficult to deceive me!. I to be deceived is glad!" — these lines of Pushkin, perhaps, were and will be relevant at all times. But at the same time easily fidelity — at all not sign of small mind. Otherwise how to explain the fact that sir Arthur Conan Doyle all the life believed in existence of fairies? Or why hundreds of TV viewers have believed that macaroni trees exist actually?
Here is 15 historical proofs that people including skeptic made, are capable to believe practically in any tale under one condition: she has to be convincingly stated.
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The Englishwoman from Surrey has managed to mislead not somebody, and physicians. By means of certain manipulations the woman managed to convince several doctors that she has brought into world... rabbits. After "birth" of the 15th rabbit of Mary Toft have decided to place under observation therefore she has been convicted of deception. After this case in society sneered for a long time at trustfulness of doctors who at that time believed that the woman by force of thought is capable to alter a fruit in the womb.
© New York Sun / Википедия палата общин
"Big lunar cheating", or lunar "duck" is a series of articles published in the New York newspaper Sun. In them it was reported about the huge telescope reflector which is allegedly constructed on the Cape of Good Hope in which scientists managed to make out in detail the surface of the Moon and also to find a civilization of local inhabitants — reasonable "myshelyudy". Deception has been opened several weeks later after the first publication that, however, hasn't affected in any way the newspaper circulation as the public was amused by own credulity.
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The giant from Cardiff — a sculpture of the person more than 3 m high which was quite successfully given for fossilized remains of the real giant living in prehistoric times. On a legend, two workers from Cardiff (the State of New York, the USA) have found "body" during digging of a well. He was announced well remained remains of the aboriginal of America, and the owner of land has right there begun to raise a payment from those who came to look at the giant.
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However "the prehistoric person" was a mystification: the atheist by the name of George Hall has decided to salt thus to a certain priest who persistently defended the belief that Earth, according to the Bible, and really has once been inhabited by giants. The sculpture was cut out from the plaster block and dug on the earth of the brother Hall who then has employed workers for digging of a well.
© W. L. Thorndyke/Wikipedia палата общин
The legend of huge potato of a grade "Maggie Murphy" has been created in Loveland (the State of Colorado, the USA) by the editor of the city newspaper Torndaykom who wanted to draw attention to the forthcoming fair thus. "The potato tuber" was cut out from a tree and given out for real, grown up by the local farmer Joseph Svon. People through the whole country have willingly believed in an invention and even have begun to ask pieces of legendary potato from the farmer to couch them and to receive the "huge harvest".
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How do you think, which of the people depicted on this photo actually the swindler? Perhaps, it would be more correct to ask which of them him isn't. All of them are swindlers, or, kind of they were called presently, by the prankers who are made up under foreign guests. And the grandee in a turban at the left — even not the man, but the writer Virginia Wolf, but moustached mister on the right — the aristocrat William Horace de Vir Cole, "leader" of this little gang of fans of draws.
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Impudent hooligans have fraudulently organized to themselves visit of the HMS Dreadnought flagship of Great Britain, having given themselves for royalties from Abyssinia accompanied by "translator" (Cole). "Distinguished guests" have examined the ship, expressing the admiration of gibberish in which exclamation "a bunga-bunga prevailed!", and the officer accompanying them who was familiar with Virginia and Horace so and hasn't recognized them.
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This trick, as well as many others, has escaped to Cole punishment though he was threatened to be flogged, despite noble origin. Cole has ignored this threat and has answered that officers should punish first of all themselves for the fact that they have so easily given themselves to deceive.
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In 1917 the American journalist and the satirist Henry Luís Menken (on a photo) has published article under the name "The Forgotten Anniversary" where has stated "history" of the modern bathtub which is allegedly invented in Cincinnati 75 years ago. In the article Menken I claimed that before in the USA acceptance of bathtubs was illegal because doctors considered them hazardous to health.
© Mariusz Gaczynski/East News
Of course, bathtubs, similar to modern, have appeared much earlier not in the USA at all (as, for example, this bathtub from the Cyprian museum), but it has become clear that many about it didn't even suspect. In spite of the fact that the journalist only wanted to joke and once again to be convinced of easily fidelity of readers, his article has seemed to people so truthful that on her continued to refer as to a serious source of information many years later after an official denial.
© Elsie Wright/Wikipedia палата общин © Elsie Wright/Wikipedia палата общин © Frances Griffiths/Elsie Wright/Wikipedia палата общин
These pictures have been taken in 1917 and 1921 by two teenage girls: 16-year-old Elsie Wright and her 10-year-old cousin Frances Griffiths. They had to prove that "the little folk" (fairies, elves and gnomes) really exists. Surprisingly, but these obviously two-dimensional figures were considered the presents even by sir Arthur Conan Doyle — he believed in authenticity of photos up to the most death. And about origin of the last photo where "fairies" look more volume, disputes are conducted to this day.
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This being was allegedly caught in Iceland, Canada and some American states, in particular, in Arkansas where to the river have accidentally poured out tonic for growth of hair. Newspapers published a story about how fishermen caught "a fur trout" to sew to themselves slippers, and soon there was also her effigy — certainly, counterfeit. To whom has come to mind to extend a story about the fish covered with fur doesn't know. But it is possible to assume that Saprolegnia fungus (or "a cotton mold") which causes in the infected fish emergence on a body of the bunches similar to fur became the cause of the myth.
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In beings chimeras under the name "volpinger", "zaytselop" or "krolen" trusted in Middle Ages times — at least, mentioned them in books and represented on engravings. But have received special popularity of a legend of a horned hare in the USA when the taxidermist Douglas Herrick has for fun made an effigy of this fictional animal of Wyoming.
© Melanie Stetson Freeman/The Christian Science Monitor/MABOC/Associated Press/FOTOLINK/East Новости
The joke was successful, and further Herrick's workshop made thousands of such effigies, and the town in which she was, even has begun to grant souvenir licenses for shooting of horned hares which can be received and today. They are valid within 2 hours after midnight on June 31, at the same time for obtaining the license it is necessary to pass the IQ test and to gain in him no more than 72 points so bright people will hardly get them.
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The draw organized on April 1, 1957 with BBC TV company was much more successful, than it is possible to imagine. It appears, many audience didn't know from where actually pasta and therefore have believed in a plot about "an unknown harvest of spaghetti" in Switzerland undertake. The squall of calls from people who were interested how to grow up a wonderful tree independently has fallen upon TV company. In reply the staff of BBC advised them "to place escape of spaghetti in bank with tomato sauce and to hope for the best".
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In this photo you see the Hanningtonsky transmitter in England via which "alien invasion" into an air has been made on November 26, 1977. At 17:10, during evening news, the sound signal of a TV broadcast has been intercepted. On screens of TVs hindrances during which the strange "electronic" voice which has said that it is a newcomer by the name of Vrillon from Galactic Command of Ashtar was heard have gone.
In the message Vrillon warned inhabitants of Earth about the accident threatening to the planet in case the mankind doesn't take a new direction and won't get rid of "evil weapon". The event is considered a mystification, however the identity of the person who has arranged all this remains to the unknown to this day.
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Kind of you have reacted to prevention to steer clear of water which contains "dangerous concentration of hydrogen"? This joke has demonstrated as the lack of elementary knowledge and the prejudiced relation to science can lead to panic. Everything has begun in 1990 when students of the University of California have distributed the leaflets warning about water pollution by dihydrogene monoxide. Actually it is one of scientific names of the water having H2O formula.
Subsequently several websites with information on "danger" of monoxide of a dihydrogene, and in 1997 Mr. Nathan Zoner have been created, the 14-year-old school student from Idaho, has made an experiment on collecting voices among the schoolmates for prohibition of "harmful substance". As a result from 50 people 43 have voted pro. In acknowledgement of this experiment the term "zonerizm" meaning "use of the fact which leads the public not expert in science and mathematics to fallacies" has been thought up.
© BleachedRice/Wikipedia Commons
Arkheoraptor — the patrimonial name, informally this in article of the National Geographic magazine to the fossilized remains of "a missing link" found in China between birds and land dinosaurs. Unfortunately, "link" was the fake collected from fragments of remains of various animals. This event has caused big scandal and once again has proved that any archeological find needs careful check.
© Petteri Kankaro/NASA
It is difficult to believe in it, but many Internet users relatively sent recently each other information on the future rapprochement of Mars with Earth during which the Red planet in our firmament will be made even by the sizes to the Moon. Of course, Mars periodically approaches Earth, but at the same time remains rather small object — it what you see him on this photo (a red point to the right of the Moon). By the way, the most spectacular rapprochement of Mars for the last 15 years and Earth will take place in 2018.
© Polaris Images/East News © Polaris Images/East News
And at last, one of the most recent mystifications which has occurred on October 15, 2009 in the city the Fort Collins (the State of Colorado, the USA). Married couple Richard and Mayumi nn have released the sphere in the form of the UFO filled with helium into the sky, having said that on him there is their son Felkon. The rescue operation has been right there organized, media have picked up this information therefore many have believed that the 6-year-old boy also really has made a dangerous trip at the height of 2 100 m.
© Polaris Images/East News
In practice everything was much simpler: Felkon, of course, didn't fly anywhere, and just hid on the attic of the house at this time. All story has been invented by his parents for drawing attention and an opportunity to earn from it. As a result nov have sentenced to imprisonment, public works and a large penalty and also have obliged to apologize to institutions which "saved" their child.
Photo on the preview of Wikipedia Commons, W. L. Thorndyke/Wikipedia Commons